标题：Effects of Solidification Rates on Microstructure Refinement and Elemental Distribution of Ti44Al6Nb1.0Cr2.0V0.1B0.15Y Alloy by Rapid Solidification
作者：Fang H.; Liu Y.; Wang S.; Chen R.; Cui H.; Yan Y.; Guo J.
作者机构：[Fang, H] National Key Laboratory for Precision Hot Processing of Metals, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150001, China;[ Liu, Y 更多
通讯作者地址：[Chen, R] National Key Laboratory for Precision Hot Processing of Metals, Harbin Institute of TechnologyChina;
来源：Advanced Engineering Materials
关键词：mechanical properties; microstructures; rapid solidification; TiAl alloys; TiB particles
摘要：In order to refine microstructure and improve mechanical properties, size of lamellar colonies and reinforced phase, distribution of elements, and microhardness with different solidification rates were studied by rapid solidification. Results show that microstructure morphology changes from equiaxed grain to granulated dendrites after rapid solidification. When speed of revolution increases, size of lamellar colonies decreases from 53.5 to 16.9 μm and length of TiB particles decreases from 60.1 to 20.4 μm. The B2 phase exists in lamellar colonies and at the boundary of lamellar colonies before rapid solidification and forms in lamellar colonies after rapid solidification. An increase in solidification rate increases degree of supercooling to increase number of nucleation particles which form before solidification front. The β phase incompletely transforms to the α phase and is retained in α phase after rapid solidification. The microstructure does not have enough time to transform completely and high-temperature microstructure is retained at a higher cooling rate. Test results show that microhardness increases from 453 to 562 HV when speed of revolution increases from 0 to 800 rpm. Improvement of microhardness results from solution strengthening of Nb, Cr, and V, grain refinement strengthening and reduction of the reinforced phase of TiB. © 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH