标题：Optical ridge waveguides in Er3+/Yb3+co-doped phosphate glass produced by ion irradiation combined with femtosecond laser ablation for guided-wave green and red upconversion emissions
作者：Chen, Chen ;He, Ruiyun ;Tan, Yang ;Wang, Biao ;Akhmadaliev, Shavkat ;Zhou, Shengqiang ;zquez ;Hu, Lili ;Chen, Feng
作者机构：[Chen, Chen ;He, Ruiyun ;Tan, Yang ;Zhou, Shengqiang ;Chen, Feng ] School of Physics, State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Key Laboratory of Par 更多
摘要：This work reports on the fabrication of ridge waveguides in Er3+/Yb3+co-doped phosphate glass by the combination of femtosecond laser ablation and following swift carbon ion irradiation. The guiding properties of waveguides have been investigated at 633 and 1064 nm through end face coupling arrangement. The refractive index profile on the cross section of the waveguide has been constructed. The propagation losses can be reduced considerably after annealing treatment. Under the optical pump laser at 980 nm, the upconversion emission of both green and red fluorescence has been realized through the ridge waveguide structures.
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