标题：Biochemical mechanism of phytoremediation process of lead and cadmium pollution with Mucor circinelloides and Trichoderma asperellum
作者：Zhang, Xu; Li, Xinxin; Yang, Huanhuan; Cui, Zhaojie
作者机构：[Zhang, Xu; Li, Xinxin; Cui, Zhaojie] Shandong Univ, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Yang, Huanhuan] Shandong Un 更多
通讯作者地址：[Cui, ZJ]Shandong Univ, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY
关键词：Combined-remediation; Heavy metal; High-throughput sequencing; Soil; pollution; Microbial community; Plant resistance
摘要：This study focused on the bioremediation mechanisms of lead (0, 100, 500, 1000 mg kg(-1)) and cadmium (0,10,50,100 mg kg(-1)) contaminated soil using two indigenous fungi selected from mine tailings as the phytostimulation of Arabidopsis thaliana. The two fungal strains were characterized as Mucor circinelloides (MC) and Trichoderma asperellum (TA) by internal transcribed spacer sequencing at the genetic levels. Our research revealed that Cadmium was more toxic to plant growth than lead and meanwhile, MC and TA can strengthen A. thaliana tolerance to cadmium and lead with 40.19-117.50% higher root length and 58.31-154.14% shoot fresh weight of plant compared to non-inoculation. In this study, TA exhibited a higher potential to the inactivation of cadmium; however, MC was more effective in lead passivation. There was a direct correlation between the type of fungi, heavy metal content, heavy metal type and oxidative damage in plant. Both lead and cadmium induced oxidative damage as indicated by increased superoxide dismutase and catalase activities, while the antioxidant levels were significantly higher in fungal inoculated plants compared with those non-inoculated. The analysis of soil enzyme activity and taxonomic richness uncovered that the dominant structures of soil microbial community were altered by exogenous microbial agents. MC enhanced higher microbial diversity and soil enzyme activity than TA. The two indigenous fungi lessened several limiting factors with respect to phytoremediation technology, such as soil chemistry, contamination level and transformation, and metal solubility.