标题：An adiabatic calorimeter for heat capacity measurements of small samples - The heat capacity of nonlinear optical materials KTiOPO4 and RbTiOAsO4 crystals
作者：Tan, ZC; Sun, GY; Song, YJ; Wang, L; Han, JR; Liu, YS; Wang, M; Nie, DZ
作者机构：[Tan, ZC; Sun, GY; Song, YJ; Wang, L; Han, JR; Liu, YS; Wang, M; Nie, DZ]Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Thermochem Lab, Dalian 更多
会议名称：2nd International/4th Japan-China Joint Symposium onCalorimetry and Thermal Analysis (CATS-99)
会议日期：JUN 01-03, 1999
关键词：adiabatic calorimetry; heat capacity; nonlinear optical material;; KTiOPO4; RbTiOAsO4
摘要：A small sample size automated adiabatic calorimeter for measuring heat capacities in the temperature range of 60-360 K has been constructed. The sample cell of the calorimeter was made of thin-walled gold-plated copper with an internal volume of 6 cm(3), equipped with a miniature platinum thermometer, surrounded by two adiabatic shields and housed in a high vacuum can. Two sets of six-junction chromel-constantan thermocouples were mounted between the cell and shields to indicate the temperature difference between them. The lid of the cell was sealed to the main body with a special sealant cycleweld. The adiabatic conditions of the calorimeter cell were automatically controlled by two units of temperature controller. A mechanical pump was used to pump out the vapor of liquid nitrogen in the cryostat to obtain 60 K or even lower temperature. All the experimental data, including the electrical energy and temperature were collected and processed automatically by a personal computer with a predetermined program. The performance of the calorimeter was examined by measuring the heat capacities of alpha-Al2O3. The deviations of experimental results from the smoothed curve lie within +/-0.2%, while the inaccuracy is within +/-0.5% compared with the recommended reference data.; The heat capacities of two important nonlinear optical crystals KTiOPO4 and RbTiOAsO4 have been measured by using this calorimeter in the range of 60-360 K, No thermal anomaly was observed from the heat capacity measurements for the two materials in the above-mentioned range. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.