标题：A Correlational Study on Cerebral Microbleeds and Carotid Atherosclerosis in Patients with Ischemic Stroke
作者：Zhao, Fang-fang; Gao, Hao-yuan; Gao, Yuan; Zhao, Zhuan; Li, Juan; Ning, Fang-bo; Zhang, Xin-na; Wang, Zhi-gao; Yu, Ai-ling; Guo, Yan 更多 作者机构：[Zhao, Fang-fang] Shandong Univ, Sch Med, Dept Neurol, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Zhao, Fang-fang; Li, Juan; Ning, Fang-bo; Zhang, Xin-na; 更多
通讯作者地址：[Sun, BL]Taishan Med Univ, Affiliated Hosp, Key Lab Cerebral Microcirculat Univ Shandong, Dept Neurol, Tai An 271000, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：JOURNAL OF STROKE & CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASES
关键词：Cerebral microbleeds; ischemic stroke; carotid atherosclerosis; carotid; intima-media thickness; Crouse score
摘要：Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between cerebral microbleeds and carotid atherosclerosis in patients with ischemic stroke. Subjects and Methods: Patients with ischemic stroke treated in a hospital in China from 2016 to 2017 were enrolled in the study. Based on the results from susceptibility-weighted imaging, the patients were divided into cerebral microbleed and noncerebral microbleed groups. The degree of carotid atherosclerosis was assessed with carotid intima-media thickness (CIMB) and Crouse score of carotid plaque. The details of patients' demographic information, cerebrovascular disease-related risk factors, carotid atherosclerosis indices, cerebral microbleed distribution, and grading were recorded, compared, and analyzed. Results: Logistic regression analysis of the 198 patients showed that CIMB and Crouse score were significantly correlated with the occurrence of cerebral microbleeds. The CIMB thickening group (P = .03) and the plaque group (P = .01) were more susceptible to cerebral microbleeds. In the distribution of cerebral microbleed sites, Crouse scores were the highest in the mixed group and showed a statistically significant difference (P < .01). As the degree of carotid atherosclerosis increased, the average number of cerebral microbleeds also increased (P <.01). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of the carotid atherosclerosis indices showed a statistically significant difference. The CIMB value combined with the Crouse score was the best indicator (P < .01). Conclusion: In patients with ischemic stroke, cerebral microbleeds are closely related to carotid atherosclerosis. Active control of carotid atherosclerosis is important to prevent cerebral microbleeds in patients with ischemic stroke.