标题：Purinergic modulation of hypoxic regulation via the rostral ventral lateral medulla in rats
作者机构：[Zhang, L] Department of Physiology, Shandong University, School of Medicine, Wenhuaxilu Road, Jinan, Shandong Province, 250012, China, Key Laboratory 更多
通讯作者地址：[Yu, SY]Shandong Univ, Sch Med, Dept Physiol, Wenhuaxilu Rd, Jinan 250012, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：Respiratory physiology & neurobiology
关键词：ATP;Hypoxic respiratory response;P2 receptor;PPADS;RVLM
摘要：Anatomical studies have demonstrated the existence of purinergic receptors in the rostral ventral lateral medulla (RVLM), a site containing some respiratory-related neurons. However, little is known about the functional role of these receptors in acute hypoxia. In the present study, we found that both the amplitude and frequency of phrenic nerve discharges were increased during hypoxia. Microinjection of adenosine 5\'-triphosphate (ATP) (0.2M, 10-70nl) into the RVLM increased the hypoxic respiratory response and showed significant dose-dependency. An identical microinjection protocol of pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2\',4\'-disulfonate (PPADS), a broad-spectrum P2 receptor antagonist, into the RVLM markedly attenuated the respiratory effects evoked by hypoxic ventilation. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the P2X 2 receptor was present in the postsynaptic membrane of the RVLM neuronal cell bodies and levels of this receptor were significantly increased after acute hypoxic challenge. These results suggest that RVLM purinergic P2 receptors may contribute to respiratory control by regulating the acute hypoxic ventilatory response.