标题：State-Of-The-Art and Trends in CO(2)Laser Cutting of Polymeric Materials-A Review
作者：Mushtaq, Ray Tahir; Wang, Yanen; Rehman, Mudassar; Khan, Aqib Mashood; Mia, Mozammel
作者机构：[Mushtaq, Ray Tahir; Wang, Yanen; Rehman, Mudassar] Northwestern Polytech Univ, Sch Mech Engn, Dept Ind Engn, Xian 710072, Peoples R China.; [Rehman 更多 通讯作者地址：Wang, YN (corresponding author), Northwestern Polytech Univ, Sch Mech Engn, Dept Ind Engn, Xian 710072, Peoples R China.; Mia, M (corresponding author 更多
关键词：polymeric materials; CO(2)laser cutting; dross formation; assist gas; pressure; cutting speed; kerf; cut quality
摘要：Carbon dioxide (CO2) laser cutting finds one of its most relevant applications in the processing of a wide variety of polymeric materials like thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics. Different types of polymeric materials like polypropylene (PP), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), low- and high-density polyethylene (LDPE, HDPE), are processed by laser for different household as well as commercial products in the industry. The reason is their easy availability and economical aspect in the market. The problems associated with laser cutting include heat-affected zone (HAZ) generated on the cut surface, kerf width (KW), surface roughness (SR), dross formation, and striations formation. Furthermore, other related problems include taper cutting for deep parts and high-power consumption. The primary purpose of this work is a comprehensive literature review in CO(2)laser cutting of polymeric materials. The influence of parametric variation on the cut quality is also explained. Cut quality in terms of KW, SR, HAZ, dross formation, and striations formation is analyzed by optimizing cutting variables like laser power (P-L), cutting speed (CS), assist gas pressure (P-g), pulse frequency, nozzle type and its diameter, and stand-off distance (SOD). The effects of the laser cutting on the properties of different thermoplastics/thermosetting materials are also reported. However, this topic requires further studies on exploring the range of polymeric materials, and their optimal parameters selection to improve the cut quality. Therefore, the research gaps and future research directions are also highlighted in the context of CO(2)laser cutting for polymeric materials.