标题：Design of a dynamic sensor inspired by bat ears
作者：Mueller, Rolf; Pannala, Mittu; Reddy, O. Praveen K.; Meymand, Sajjad Z.
作者机构：[Mueller, Rolf; Pannala, Mittu; Reddy, O. Praveen K.; Meymand, Sajjad Z.] Virginia Tech, Dept Mech Engn, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA.; [Mueller, Rolf] 更多
会议名称：4th Annual Meeting of the ASME/AIAA Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems (SMASIS)
会议日期：SEP 18-21, 2011
来源：SMART MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES
摘要：In bats, the outer ear shapes act as beamforming baffles that create a spatial sensitivity pattern for the reception of the biosonar signals. Whereas technical receivers for wave-based signals usually have rigid geometries, the outer ears of some bat species, such as horseshoe bats, can undergo non-rigid deformations as a result of muscular actuation. It is hypothesized that these deformations provide the animals with a mechanism to adapt their spatial hearing sensitivity on short, sub-second time scales. This biological approach could be of interest to engineering as an inspiration for the design of beamforming devices that combine flexibility with parsimonious implementation. To explore this possibility, a biomimetic dynamic baffle was designed based on a simple shape overall geometry based on an average bat ear. This shape was augmented with three different biomimetic local shape features, a ridge on its exposed surface as well as a flap and an incision along its rim. Dynamic non-rigid deformations of the shape were accomplished through a simple actuation mechanism based on linear actuation inserted at a single point. Despite its simplicity, the prototype device was able to reproduce the dynamic functional characteristics that have been predicted for its biological paragon in a qualitative fashion.