标题：Bioleaching of zinc and manganese from spent Zn-Mn batteries and mechanism exploration
作者：Xin, Baoping; Jiang, Wenfeng; Aslam, Hina; Zhang, Kai; Liu, Changhao; Wang, Renqing; Wang, Yutao
作者机构：[Xin, Baoping; Jiang, Wenfeng; Aslam, Hina; Zhang, Kai; Liu, Changhao] Beijing Inst Technol, Sch Chem Engn & Environm, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China 更多
通讯作者地址：[Xin, BP]Beijing Inst Technol, Sch Chem Engn & Environm, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China.
关键词：Spent Zn-Mn batteries; Recovery of Zn; Recovery of Mn; Bioleaching
摘要：In this work, bioleaching was used to extract valuable Zn and Mn from spent Zn-Mn batteries. The results showed that 96% of Zn extraction was achieved within 24 h regardless of energy source types and bioleaching bacteria species. However, initial pH had a remarkable influence on Zn release, extraction dose sharply decreased from 2200 to 500 mg/l when the initial pH value increased from 1.5 to 3.0 or higher. In contrast to Zn, all the tested factors evidently, affected Mn extraction; the maximum released dose of 3020 mg/l was obtained under the optimum conditions. The acidic dissolution by biogenic H2SO4 by the non-contact mechanism was responsible for Zn extraction, while Mn extraction was owed to both contact/biological and non-contact mechanisms. The combined action of acidic dissolution of soluble Mn2+ by biogenic H2SO4 and reductive dissolution of insoluble Mn4+ by Fe2+ resulted in 60% of Mn extraction, while contact of microbial cells with the spent battery material and incubation for more than 7 days was required to achieve the maximum extraction of Mn. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.