标题：Social Psychological Factors and Suicidal Intent Among Suicide Attempters in Rural China: A Path Analysis
作者机构：[Wang, J.-Y] Department of Epidemiology, Shandong University School of Public Health, Shandong University Center for Suicide Prevention Research, No.4 更多
通讯作者：Jia, CX;Jia, CX;Guo, XL
通讯作者地址：[Jia, CX]Shandong Univ, Dept Epidemiol, Sch Publ Hlth, 44 Wenhua Xi Rd, Jinan 250012, Shandong, Peoples R China;[Jia, CX]Shandong Univ, Ctr Suicide Pr 更多
来源：The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
关键词：Suicidal intent; path analysis; psychological characteristics; attempted; suicide; China
摘要：ABSTRACT: This study explores the effects of social psychological factors on suicidal intent among suicide attempters in rural China. Suicide attempters were identified by the county-level Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCs) and interviewed by the research team. A path analysis was conducted with physical illness, social support, and negative life events as exogenous variables, and life satisfaction, depressive emotions, and suicidal intent as endogenous variables. Beginning with a saturation model, a best model was obtained after removing the paths that were not significant. In the final model, depressive emotions and life satisfaction were directly associated with suicidal intent, and the standardized effect estimates were 0.3007 (p < 0.001) and −0.1182 (p = 0.0368). Physical illness, social support, and negative life events did not directly affect suicidal intent but had indirect effect. Depressive emotions may be the most important and direct predictor of suicidal intent; physical illness, negative life events, and social support affect suicidal intent through life satisfaction and depressive emotions.