标题：Analysis and Verification on Energy Consumption of the Quadruped Robot with Passive Compliant Hydraulic Servo Actuator
作者：Hua, Zisen; Rong, Xuewen; Li, Yibin; Chai, Hui; Li, Bin; Zhang, Shuaishuai
作者机构：[Hua, Zisen; Rong, Xuewen; Li, Yibin; Chai, Hui] Shandong Univ, Ctr Robot, Sch Control Sci & Engn, Jinan 250061, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Li, Bi 更多
通讯作者地址：[Rong, XW]Shandong Univ, Ctr Robot, Sch Control Sci & Engn, Jinan 250061, Shandong, Peoples R China.
关键词：hydraulic servo actuator; accumulator; quadruped robot; trotting gait;; energy efficiency
摘要：The hydraulic servo actuator with passive compliance (HPCA) is designed for hydraulically-driven quadruped robots. It is characterized by an accumulator that connects to the piston chamber of the hydraulic cylinder to buffer impact forces between a robot's feet and the ground. This paper studies the energy efficiency of this actuator in the dynamic locomotion of a quadruped robot. Different from the traditional methods of storing potentially recyclable energy using accumulators, the energy-saving principle of HPCA is to utilize the pressure-transition characteristics of the asymmetric hydraulic cylinder with control of the symmetrical valve. The accumulator can store and release oil during the switching of the transition point in each gait cycle of the robot, thereby improving the energy efficiency of the actuator. The influence of the initial inflation pressure and working volume of the accumulator on the energy efficiency of the HPCA is studied by simulation and physical experiments. The results show that the HPCA has a higher energy efficiency that is independent of the physical parameters of the accumulator.