标题：Effect of strongly bound copper species in copper-ceria catalyst for preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide
作者：Du, Pei-Pei; Wang, Wei-Wei; Jia, Chun-Jiang; Song, Qi-Sheng; Huang, Yu-Ying; Si, Rui
作者机构：[Du, Pei-Pei; Huang, Yu-Ying; Si, Rui] Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiat Facil, Shanghai Inst Appl Phys, Shanghai, Peoples R China.; [Wa 更多
通讯作者地址：[Si, R]Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiat Facil, Shanghai Inst Appl Phys, Shanghai, Peoples R China;[Jia, CJ]Shandong Univ, Key Lab Colloid 更多
来源：APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL
关键词：Copper-ceria; Preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide; Ammonium; carbonate leaching; X-ray absorption fine structure; Coprecipitation
摘要：Copper-ceria catalysts with the Cu contents up to 40 at.% were prepared by the coprecipitation method. Ammonium carbonate was used as the leaching agent on the as-calcined samples to remove the weakly bound copper species. The parent and leached catalysts were tested for the preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide (CO-PROX) reaction from 40 to 200 degrees C in 1%CO/1%O-2/50%H-2/N-2 with a space velocity of 60,000 mL h(-1) g(cat)(-1). When the Cu doping amount reached 30 at.%, the stable and constant CO-PROX reactivity, including CO conversion and 02 selectivity, was presented for both parent and ammonium carbonate leached catalysts. The fresh and used samples have been carefully characterized by various techniques such as power X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and temperature-programmed reduction by hydrogen (H-2-TPR). It was confirmed that there are two different types of copper species, i.e. weakly bound CuOx clusters and strongly bound Cu-[O-x]-Ce structure, in both parent and leached catalysts. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that the weakly bound CuOx clusters removed by ammonium carbonate can be recovered by the migration of Cu-[O-x]-Ce species under the reduction or reaction conditions. The strongly bound copper species in CeO2 have been identified to be the reservoir for the active Cu sites for CO-PROX. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.