标题：Basil polysaccharides: A review on extraction, bioactivities and pharmacological applications
作者：Zhan, Yanfei; An, Xinin; Wang, Shuang; Sun, Mengjia; Zhou, Honglei
作者机构：[Zhan, Yanfei; An, Xinin; Wang, Shuang; Sun, Mengjia; Zhou, Honglei] Shandong Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Jinan 250355, Shandong, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址：[Zhou, HL]Shandong Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Jinan 250355, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY
关键词：Basil polysaccharides; Compositions; Extraction; Purification methods;; Molecular weight; Biological activities; Pharmacological applications;; Prospects
摘要：Traditional Chinese Medicine has been widely used in China and is regarded as the most commonly used treatment. As a natural plant used in traditional Chinese Medicine, Basil has various functions associated with a number of its components. There are many compositions in basil including polysaccharides, naphtha, steroids, flavone, coumarins, vitamins, and so on. Among these, polysaccharides play a significant role in based therapeutics. The article summarizes that basil polysaccharides have a lot of biological activities and pharmacological applications, such as their antitumor activity, antioxidant activity, anti-aging activity, immunity enhancement effect, hypolipidemic and anti-atherosclerotic effects, antibacterial effect, treatment of diabetes mellitus, and so on. This review summarized the extraction method, purification method, compositions, pharmacological applications, molecular weight, biological activities, and prospects of basil polysaccharides, providing a basis for further study of basil and basil polysaccharides.