标题： Fractal Regulation in Temporal Activity Fluctuations: A Biomarker for Circadian Control and Beyond.
作者： Li, Peng; To, Tommy; Chiang, Wei-Yin; Escobar, Carolina; Buijs, Ruud M; Hu, Kun
作者机构：[ Li, Peng; Li P] Medical Biodynamics Program, Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Brigham and Women's Hospital, United States., Division of Sl 更多
来源： JSM biomarkers
摘要： Motor activity in humans and other animals possesses fractal temporal fluctuations that co-exists with circadian or daily activity rhythms. The perturbations in fractal activity patterns are often accompanied by altered circadian/daily rhythms. The goal of this study is to test whether fractal regulation in motor activity provides physiological information independent from 24-h/circadian rhythmicity. To achieve the goal, we studied locomotor activity recordings of rats with the lesion of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) that are known to have diminished circadian/daily activity rhythms and perturbed fractal regulation. By restricting feeding time (i.e., food was only availability in the dark period of the 12h: 12h light-dark cycles), we found that mean activity levels in these animals displayed significant 24-h rhythms. In contrast, the restricted feeding had no influences on the perturbed fractal regulation in these SCN-lesioned animals, i.e., activity fluctuations in these animals remained random over a wide range of time scales from 2-20h. Our results indicate that 24-h rhythm of food availability can restore/improve circadian/daily rhythms in the SCN-lesioned animals but not necessarily improve the disrupted fractal activity regulation in these animals. This study provides clear and direct evidence that fractal activity patterns offer complementary information about motor activity regulation at multiple time scales that is beyond 24-h rhythm control.