标题：Efficient Parameters Estimation Method for the Separable Nonlinear Least Squares Problem
作者：Wang K.; Liu G.; Tao Q.; Zhai M.
作者机构：[Wang, K] College of Geomatics, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong, 266590, China;[ Liu, G] Schulich School of Engineeri 更多
通讯作者地址：[Wang, K] College of Geomatics, Shandong University of Science and TechnologyChina;
摘要：In this work, we combine the special structure of the separable nonlinear least squares problem with a variable projection algorithm based on singular value decomposition to separate linear and nonlinear parameters. Then, we propose finding the nonlinear parameters using the Levenberg-Marquart (LM) algorithm and either solve the linear parameters using the least squares method directly or by using an iteration method that corrects the characteristic values based on the L-curve, according to whether or not the nonlinear function coefficient matrix is ill posed. To prove the feasibility of the proposed method, we compared its performance on three examples with that of the LM method without parameter separation. The results show that (1) the parameter separation method reduces the number of iterations and improves computational efficiency by reducing the parameter dimensions and (2) when the coefficient matrix of the linear parameters is well-posed, using the least squares method to solve the fitting problem provides the highest fitting accuracy. When the coefficient matrix is ill posed, the method of correcting characteristic values based on the L-curve provides the most accurate solution to the fitting problem. © 2020 Ke Wang et al.