标题：Regulating the vertical phase distribution by fullerene-derivative in high performance ternary organic solar cells
作者：Bi, Pengqing; Xiao, Tong; Yang, Xiaoyu; Niu, Mengsi; Wen, Zhenchuan; Zhang, Kangning; Qin, Wei; So, Shu Kong; Lu, Guanghao; Hao, Xia 更多 作者机构：[Bi, Pengqing; Yang, Xiaoyu; Niu, Mengsi; Wen, Zhenchuan; Zhang, Kangning; Qin, Wei; Hao, Xiaotao; Liu, Hong] Shandong Univ, State Key Lab Crystal Mat 更多
通讯作者地址：[Hao, XT]Shandong Univ, State Key Lab Crystal Mat, Sch Phys, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China;[Lu, GH]Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Frontier Inst Sci & 更多
关键词：Vertical phase distribution; Non-fullerene acceptor; Ternary organic; solar cells; Charge transport
摘要：The vertical phase distribution of components in bulk heterojunction is diversified in organic solar cells (OSCs). The electron donors (acceptors) can be accumulated (depleted) at the interface of active layer and charge extraction layer. The variation of vertical phase distribution significantly influences device performance because of its impact on the charge transport and charge recombination. In order to achieve favorable vertical phase distribution in OSCs based on poly[(2,6-(4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl)thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene))-co-(1,3-di(5-thiophene-2-yl)-5,7-bis(2-ethylhexyl) benzo[1,2-c:4,5-c']dithiophene-4,8-dione)] (PBDB-T):3,9-bis(2-methylene-(3-(1,1-dicyanomethylene)-indanone))-5,5,11,11-tetrakis(4-hexylphenyl)-dithieno[2,3-d:2',3'-d']-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b']-dithiophene (ITIC), phenyl-C71-butyric-acid-methyl ester (PC71BM) was incorporated into the binary system to fabricate ternary OSCs. In the ternary blend, PC71BM can effectively regulate the phase distribution of PBDB-T and ITIC in vertical direction, which provides favorable vertical phase distribution for charge transport. Moreover, the addition of PC71BM can also effectively increase the pi-pi stacking coherence length of both donor and acceptor, which facilitates charge transport and reduces the bimolecular recombination. The addition of an appropriate quantity of PC71BM can obviously improve both fill factor and short-circuit current density of the OSC based on PBDB-T:ITIC while open-circuit voltage reduces only about 0.01 V, which indicates a rational low energy loss. Consequently, the ternary OSC exhibits a best PCE of 11.0% compared to the 9.6% PCE of the binary counterpart.