标题：Progress and challenges of disaster health management in China: a scoping review
作者：Zhong, Shuang; Clark, Michele; Hou, Xiang-Yu; Zang, Yuli; FitzGerald, Gerard
作者机构：[Zhong, Shuang; Clark, Michele; Hou, Xiang-Yu; FitzGerald, Gerard] Queensland Univ Technol, Sch Publ Hlth & Social Work, Inst Hlth & Biomed Innovat, C 更多
通讯作者地址：[Zhong, S]Queensland Univ Technol, Sch Publ Hlth & Social Work, Brisbane, Qld 4059, Australia.
来源：GLOBAL HEALTH ACTION
关键词：China; disaster management; disaster response; health system; health; policy
摘要：Background: Despite the importance of an effective health system response to various disasters, relevant research is still in its infancy, especially in middle- and low-income countries.; Objective: This paper provides an overview of the status of disaster health management in China, with its aim to promote the effectiveness of the health response for reducing disaster-related mortality and morbidity.; Design: A scoping review method was used to address the recent progress of and challenges to disaster health management in China. Major health electronic databases were searched to identify English and Chinese literature that were relevant to the research aims.; Results: The review found that since 2003 considerable progress has been achieved in the health disaster response system in China. However, there remain challenges that hinder effective health disaster responses, including low standards of disaster-resistant infrastructure safety, the lack of specific disaster plans, poor emergency coordination between hospitals, lack of portable diagnostic equipment and underdeveloped triage skills, surge capacity, and psychological interventions. Additional challenges include the fragmentation of the emergency health service system, a lack of specific legislation for emergencies, disparities in the distribution of funding, and inadequate cost-effective considerations for disaster rescue.; Conclusions: One solution identified to address these challenges appears to be through corresponding policy strategies at multiple levels (e. g. community, hospital, and healthcare system level).