标题：The microstructures and properties changes induced by Al:Co ratios of the AlXCrCo2-XFeNi high entropy alloys
作者：Zhao, Yuqiao ;Cui, Hongzhi ;Wang, Mingliang ;Zhao, Yong ;Zhang, Xue ;Wang, Canming
作者机构：[Zhao, Yuqiao ;Cui, Hongzhi ;Wang, Mingliang ;Zhao, Yong ;Zhang, Xue ;Wang, Canming ] School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shandong University 更多
来源：Materials Science and Engineering A
摘要：The formation High Entropy Alloys (HEAs) from combinations of multiple principal elements, with differing molar ratios, has led to the suggestion that the properties of HEAs must be dramatically changed. In this study, a series of five-component AlXCrCo2-XFeNi HEAs were prepared by using spark plasma sintering (SPS). The effect of the Al:Co ratios on the phases and microstructures of AlXCrCo2-XFeNi HEAs were investigated. It was found that the microstructures changed from a Fe- and Cr-rich face-centered cubic (FCC) structure to a Ni- and Al-rich body-centered cubic (BCC) structure with an increase in the molar ratios of Al:Co; clearly different morphologies of the four HEAs were observed. The crystal structures of the AlXCrCo2-XFeNi HEA evolved from FCC + σ + disordered BCC + ordered BCC structures to σ + disordered BCC + ordered BCC structures, and then to disordered BCC + ordered BCC structures. Moreover, the wear behavior and compression behavior of the samples at x = 1.0, 1.2, 1.4, and 1.6 were investigated. With an increase molar ratios of Al:Co, the series of AlXCrCo2-XFeNi HEAs exhibited different wear and fracture mechanisms. The results showed that the Al1.6CrCo0.4FeNi alloy exhibited good wear resistance, and the Al1.4CrCo0.6FeNi alloy exhibited good combinations of strength and ductility. The close relationship between the microstructures and mechanical properties of the HEAs are discussed with a focus on balancing the strength and plasticity of the alloys for practical applications.
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