标题：The role of Exo70 in vascular smooth muscle cell migration
作者：Ma, Wenqing; Wang, Yu; Yao, Xiaomeng; Xu, Zijian; An, Liguo; Yin, Miao
作者机构：[Ma, Wenqing; Yao, Xiaomeng; Xu, Zijian; An, Liguo; Yin, Miao] Shandong Normal Univ, Coll Life Sci, Key Lab Anim Resistant Biol Shandong, Jinan 250014 更多
通讯作者地址：[Yin, M]Shandong Normal Univ, Coll Life Sci, Key Lab Anim Resistant Biol Shandong, Jinan 250014, Peoples R China.
来源：CELLULAR & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY LETTERS
关键词：Exo70; Exocyst; Vascular smooth muscle cell; Cell migration; RNAi;; Wound-healing assay; Immunohistochemistry; Transwell assay
摘要：Background: As a key subunit of the exocyst complex, Exo70 has highly conserved sequence and is widely found in yeast, mammals, and plants. In yeast, Exo70 mediates the process of exocytosis and promotes anchoring and integration of vesicles with the plasma membrane. In mammalian cells, Exo70 is involved in maintaining cell morphology, cell migration, cell connection, mRNA splicing, and other physiological processes, as well as participating in exocytosis. However, Exo70's function in mammalian cells has yet to be fully recognized. In this paper, the expression of Exo70 and its role in cell migration were studied in a rat vascular smooth muscle cell line A7r5.; Methods: Immunofluorescent analysis the expression of Exo70, alpha-actin, and tubulin in A7r5 cells showed a co-localization of Exo70 and alpha-actin, we treated the cells with cytochalasin B to depolymerize alpha-actin, in order to further confirm the co-localization of Exo70 and alpha-actin. We analyzed Exo70 co-localization with actin at the edge of migrating cells by wound-healing assay to establish whether Exo70 might play a role in cell migration. Next, we analyzed the migration and invasion ability of A7r5 cells before and after RNAi silencing through the wound healing assay and transwell assay.; Results: The mechanism of interaction between Exo70 and cytoskeleton can be clarified by the immunoprecipitation techniques and wound-healing assay. The results showed that Exo70 and alpha-actin were co-localized at the leading edge of migrating cells. The ability of A7r5 to undergo cell migration was decreased when Exo70 expression was silenced by RNAi. Reducing Exo70 expression in RNAi treated A7r5 cells significantly lowered the invasion and migration ability of these cells compared to the normal cells. These results indicate that Exo70 participates in the process of A7r5 cell migration.; Conclusions: This research is importance for the study on the pathological process of vascular intimal hyperplasia, since it provides a new research direction for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and restenosis after balloon angioplasty.