标题：From model to crop: Functional analysis of a stay-green gene in the model legume Medicago truncatula and effective use of the gene for alfalfa improvement
作者：Zhou, C.;Han, L.;Pislariu, C.;Nakashima, J.;Fu, C.;Jiang, Q.;Quan, L.;Blancaflor, E.B.;Tang, Y.;Bouton, J.H.;Udvardi, M.;Xia, G.
作者机构：[Zhou, C] Forage Improvement Division, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK 73401, United States;[ Han, L] Forage Improvement Division, Samuel 更多
通讯作者地址：[Wang, ZY]Samuel Roberts Noble Fdn Inc, Forage Improvement Div, Ardmore, OK 73401 USA.
摘要：Medicago truncatula has been developed into a model legume. Its close relative alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is the most widely grown forage legume crop in the United States. By screening a large population of M. truncatula mutants tagged with the transposable element of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) cell type1 (Tnt1), we identified a mutant line (NF2089) that maintained green leaves and showed green anthers, central carpels, mature pods, and seeds during senescence. Genetic and molecular analyses revealed that the mutation was caused by Tnt1 insertion in a STAY-GREEN (MtSGR) gene. Transcript profiling analysis of the mutant showed that loss of the MtSGR function affected the expression of a large number of genes involved in different biological processes. Further analyses revealed that SGR is implicated in nodule development and senescence. MtSGR expression was detected across all nodule developmental zones and was higher in the senescence zone. The number of young nodules on the mutant roots was higher than in the wild type. Expression levels of several nodule senescence markers were reduced in the sgr mutant. Based on the MtSGR sequence, an alfalfa SGR gene (MsSGR) was cloned, and transgenic alfalfa lines were produced by RNA interference. Silencing of MsSGR led to the production of stay-green transgenic alfalfa. This beneficial trait offers the opportunity to produce premium alfalfa hay with a more greenish appearance. In addition, most of the transgenic alfalfa lines retained more than 50% of chlorophylls during senescence and had increased crude protein content. This study illustrates the effective use of knowledge gained from a model system for the genetic improvement of an important commercial crop.