标题：Low loss waveguide in Nd3+-doped silicate glass fabricated by carbon ion implantation
作者：Li, Shi-Ling ;Wang, Ke-Ming ;Chen, Feng ;Wang, Xue-Lin ;Fu, Gang ;Lu, Qing-Ming ;Hu, Li-Li ;Shen, Ding-Yu ;Ma, Hong-Ji ;Nie, Rui
作者机构：[Li, Shi-Ling ;Wang, Ke-Ming ;Chen, Feng ;Wang, Xue-Lin ;Fu, Gang ] School of Physics and Microelectronics, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 Shandong 更多
来源：Surface and Coatings Technology
期：1-4 SPEC. ISS.
摘要：Low loss index enhanced planar waveguides in Nd3+-doped silicate glass were fabricated by 3.0 MeV C+ion implantation. The enhancement of the refractive index confined the light propagating in the waveguide. The prism-coupling method was used to measure dark modes in the waveguide. The effective refractive indices of the waveguide were obtained based on the dark modes. The moving fiber method was applied to measure the waveguide propagation loss. Loss measured in non-annealed samples is about 0.6 dB/cm. And the waveguide mode optical near-field output at 633 nm was presented. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.