标题：Functions of Periostin in dental tissues and its role in periodontal tissues' regeneration
作者：Du, Juan; Li, Minqi
作者机构：[Du, Juan; Li, Minqi] Shandong Univ, Sch Stomatol, Dept Bone Metab, Shandong Prov Key Lab Oral Tissue Regenerat, Jinan 250012, Shandong, Peoples R Chi 更多
通讯作者地址：[Li, MQ]Shandong Univ, Sch Stomatol, Dept Bone Metab, Shandong Prov Key Lab Oral Tissue Regenerat, Jinan 250012, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES
关键词：Periostin; Periodontium; Periodontal ligament; Alveolar bone;; Periodontal regeneration
摘要：The goal of periodontal regenerative therapy is to predictably restore the tooth's supporting periodontal tissues and form a new connective tissue attachment of periodontal ligament (PDL) fibers and new alveolar bone. Periostin is a matricellular protein so named for its expression primarily in the periosteum and PDL of adult mice. Its biological functions have been widely studied in areas such as cardiovascular physiology and oncology. Despite being initially identified in the dental tissues and bone, investigations of Periostin functions in PDL and alveolar-bone-related physiopathology are less abundant. Recently, several studies have suggested that Periostin may be an important regulator of periodontal tissue formation. By promoting collagen fibrillogenesis and the migration of fibroblasts and osteoblasts, Periostin might play a pivotal part in regeneration of the PDL and alveolar bone following periodontal surgery. The aim of this article is to provide an extensive review of the implications of Periostin in periodontal tissue biology and its potential use in periodontal tissue regeneration.