标题：Obesity and leptin influence vitamin D metabolism and action in human marrow stromal cells
作者：Li, Jing; Gao, Yuan; Yu, Tao; Lange, Jeffrey K.; LeBoff, Meryl S.; Gorska, Anna; Luu, Simon; Zhou, Shuanhu; Glowacki, Julie
作者机构：[Li, Jing; Gao, Yuan; Yu, Tao; Lange, Jeffrey K.; Gorska, Anna; Luu, Simon; Zhou, Shuanhu; Glowacki, Julie] Harvard Med Sch, Brigham & Womens Hosp, De 更多
会议名称：22nd International Scientific Conference on Vitamin D
会议日期：MAY 29-JUN 01, 2019
来源：JOURNAL OF STEROID BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
关键词：Obesity; Leptin; Human MSCs; Vitamin D; Osteoblastogenesis
摘要：Obesity is associated with low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [s25(OH)D], high serum leptin, and generally high bone mineral density (BMD). Human Marrow Stromal Cells (hMSCs) differentiate to osteoblasts and are both a target and source of vitamin D metabolites in bone marrow. There is no information about the influence of obesity on vitamin D metabolism and osteoblastogenesis in hMSCs and little about direct effects of leptin on hMSCs. In this study, we tested the hypotheses that 1) obesity has an influence on the ex vivo constitutive expression of vitamin D-hydroxylase genes in hMSCs, and 2) recombinant human (rh) Leptin regulates the Dhydroxylases and promotes osteoblastogenesis in hMSCs. In a cohort of female subjects undergoing joint replacement surgery, the effects of Body Mass Index (BMI) and Fat Mass Index (FMI) on BMD T-scores and s25(OH) D were evaluated. hMSCs were isolated from bone tissues discarded during surgery. The direct effects of rhLeptin on osteoblast differentiation and D-related genes in hMSCs were examined in vitro. There were positive correlations for BMD T-score of femoral neck and spine with BMI and FMI. Serum 25(OH)D levels in obese subjects were 71% of that in non-obese counterparts (p = 0.001). hMSCs from obese women had higher constitutive expression of CYP27A1/25-hydroxylase and vitamin D receptor. Those findings raised the mechanistic question of how obesity could influence vitamin D metabolism and osteoblast differentiation in hMSCs. Treating hMSCs with rh-Leptin in vitro significantly stimulated osteoblastogenesis. In addition, leptin downregulated CYP24A1 and upregulated CYP27B1, CYP27A1 and VDR, which play vital roles in vitamin D metabolism. Furthermore, co-treatment with leptin and vitamin D3 metabolites promoted ALP activity compared with either alone. This research demonstrates links between obesity, vitamin D metabolism, and osteoblastogenesis by which leptin's direct effects on D-metabolism and osteoblast differentiation in hMSCs may protect bone from low s25(OH)D in obese subjects.