标题：Development of renewable, densified biomass for household energy in China
作者：Carter, Ellison; Shan, Ming; Zhong, Yuan; Ding, Weimeng; Zhang, Yichen; Baumgartner, Jill; Yang, Xudong
作者机构：[Carter, Ellison; Zhang, Yichen] Colorado State Univ, Civil & Environm Engn, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA.; [Shan, Ming; Yang, Xudong] Tsinghua Univ, Bl 更多
通讯作者地址：[Carter, E]Colorado State Univ, Civil & Environm Engn, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA.
来源：ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
摘要：Recent national strategic plans in China have set renewable energy targets for rural household energy programs, including those that advance the production of densified biomass fuels (e.g. pellets, briquettes) for use in household cooking and heating stoves. There is presently very little information on potential barriers to the successful development of densified biomass for household cooking and heating in China, but such knowledge may be informative in settings that aim to replace unprocessed coal and other polluting fuels with renewable, cleaner-burning energy sources. We designed a case study to coordinate data-gathering efforts at rural field sites in southwestern Sichuan province and northeastern Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces, where production of densified biomass fuels is under development for household end-users. We conducted interviews with factory personnel, local administrative leaders, and sector experts involved in the production and distribution of densified fuel, including pellets and briquettes, for household use. Results from our qualitative textual data analysis yielded several recommendations for improving development of densified biomass fuels for household end-use. These included reducing heterogeneity of feedstocks, increasing financial support for operational costs (e.g. collection, transport, and storage of raw materials; storage and distribution of final products), improving household perceptions of and subsequent demand for densified biomass fuels, and increasing enforcement of national and provincial policies banning the use of coal and open-field biomass burning. Collection and storage of raw materials and the final densified fuel product were consistently noted as critical challenges to scaling up production at all three sites. Finally, the perspectives of factory managers and local village administrators that we present also indicated that production of densified biomass fuels would most likely be more successful and reproducible in places where national-level policies are viewed as obligatory. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of International Energy Initiative.