标题：The Fukushima Nuclear Power Station incident and marine pollution
作者：Yen-Chiang Chang;Yue Zhao
作者机构：[Chang, Y.-C] School of Law, Shandong University, China;[ Zhao, Y] School of Law, Shandong University, China
通讯作者地址：[Zhao, Y]5 Hongjialou, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：Marine pollution bulletin
关键词：immediate notification;transboundary harm;prevention of dumping;international legal liability;international cooperation
摘要：Based on the facts relating to the radioactive wastewater discharged by the Fukushima Nuclear Power Station in Japan, this paper intends to explore the international legal obligations for Japan from three perspectives, namely, the immediate notification, the prevention of transboundary harm and the prevention of dumping. Furthermore, this article defines and compares two types of international legal liabilities, the traditional state responsibility and the responsibility for transboundary harm. Through comparison, the international legal liability of Japan is discussed. After detailed analysis, the conclusion is that Japan should be responsible for the obligation of immediate notification and since Japan unilaterally discharge the wastes without prior specific permits of other contracting countries, it should also be responsible for the violation of prevention of dumping. Since so far, no material injury has emerged and there would appear to be no culpability as regards the prevention of transboundary harm. Finally, this paper stresses the necessity to develop a worldwide agreement concerning the liability for transboundary harm and to establish an institutional framework for the enforcement of a state\'s obligations, and also the great significance of international cooperation between nations and organisations in relation to marine environmental protection.