标题：Palmitate promotes autophagy and apoptosis through ROS-dependent JNK and p38 MAPK
作者：Liu, Jing;Chang, Fen;Li, Fang;Fu, Hui;Wang, Jinlan;Zhang, Shangli;Zhaoa, Jing;Yin, Deling
作者机构：[Liu, J] Institute of Developmental Biology, School of Life Science, Shandong University, Jinan, 250100, China;[ Chang, F] Institute of Developmental 更多
通讯作者地址：[Yin, DL]E Tennessee State Univ, Coll Med, Dept Internal Med, Johnson City, TN 37614 USA.
来源：Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
摘要：Palmitate (PA), one of the most prevalent saturated fatty acids, causes myocardial dysfunction. However, the mechanisms by which PA induces cell apoptosis and autophagy remain to be elucidated. We showed that autophagy was induced in an mTORC1-dependent way and played a protective role against PA-induced apoptosis, which was verified by pretreatment with 3-methyladenine (3MA) and rapamycin. However, p62 began to accumulate after 18 h treatment with PA, suggesting prolonged exposure to PA lead to an impairment of autophagic flux. PA enhanced ROS production as well as activated p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) and c-jun NH2 terminal kinases (JNKs). The antioxidant N-Acety-L-Cysteine (NAC) was found to attenuate the JNK and p38 MAPK activation with a concomitant reduction of PA-induced autophagy and apoptosis. Furthermore, both JNK and p38 MAPK inhibitors were shown to directly abrogate caspase 7 cleavage as well as the conversion of LC3BI to LC3BII Thus, we demonstrate that PA stimulates autophagy and apoptosis via ROS-dependent JNK and p38 MAPK pathways. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.