标题：Modification of cobalt-containing MOF-derived mesoporous carbon as an effective sulfur-loading host for rechargeable lithium-sulfur batteries
作者：Yu, Faqi; Zhou, He; Shen, Qiang
作者机构：[Yu, Faqi; Zhou, He; Shen, Qiang] Shandong Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Key Lab Colloid & Interface Chem, Educ Minist, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples 更多
通讯作者：Shen, Qiang;Shen, Q
通讯作者地址：[Shen, Q]Shandong Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Key Lab Colloid & Interface Chem, Educ Minist, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS
关键词：Metal-organic frameworks; Mesoporous carbon; Acid etching; Carbon-sulfur; composite; Lithium-sulfur batteries
摘要：Cobalt-containing metal-organic frameworks (MOF) are synthesized, then carbonized and then acid etched to obtain mesoporous carbon for its potential application as lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery cathode scaffolds. Before etching the resulting mesoporous carbon acquires a specific surface area of 206.5 m(2) g(-1) and a pore volume of 0.29 cm(3) g(-1), and in its sulfur-loading composite-1 the S-content is similar to 45.2 wt%. After etching the modified mesoporous carbon exhibits a great improvement in porosity (Surface area similar to 650.2 m(2) g(-1) and pore volume -0.77 cm(3) g(-1)) and/or in sulfur-loading amount (i. e., the S-content of composite similar to 2 - 50.0 wt%). At 0.5 C (1 C = 1675 mA g(-1)), a composite-2 cathode delivers a high discharge capacity of 925.1 mAh g(-1) in 2nd cycle and maintains a specific value of 781.1 mAh g(-1) in the 140th cycle, much higher than those of composite-1 cathode. Both of the two composite electrodes display a slight increase of electrolyte-solution resistance and surface-film resistance and an obvious decrease of chargetransfer resistance. By comparison, these resistances of composite-2 are smaller than those of composite1. This, together with the acid-modified structural parameters reasonably account for the enhanced electrochemical properties of composite-2. (C) 2018 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.