标题：Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans in China
作者：Zhou, Peng; Chen, Zhaoguo; Li, Hai-Long; Zheng, Haihong; He, Shenyi; Lin, Rui-Qing; Zhu, Xing-Quan
作者机构：[Zhou, Peng; Li, Hai-Long; Zhu, Xing-Quan] Chinese Acad Agr Sci, Lanzhou Vet Res Inst, Key Lab Vet Parasitol Gansu Prov, State Key Lab Vet Etiol Biol, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Zhu, XQ]Chinese Acad Agr Sci, Lanzhou Vet Res Inst, Key Lab Vet Parasitol Gansu Prov, State Key Lab Vet Etiol Biol, Lanzhou 730046, Gansu, Peoples R 更多
来源：PARASITES & VECTORS
关键词：Toxoplasma gondii; Epidemiology; Human; Infection; China
摘要：Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic infection of humans and animals, caused by the opportunistic protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite belonging to the phylum Apicomplexa. Infection in pregnant women may lead to abortion, stillbirth or other serious consequences in newborns. Infection in immunocompromised patients can be fatal if not treated. On average, one third of people are chronically infected worldwide. Although very limited information from China has been published in the English journals, T. gondii infection is actually a significant human health problem in China. In the present article, we reviewed the clinical features, transmission, prevalence of T. gondii infection in humans in China, and summarized genetic characterizations of reported T. gondii isolates. Educating the public about the risks associated with unhealthy food and life style habits, tracking serological examinations to special populations, and measures to strengthen food and occupational safety are discussed.