标题：A Comparative Study on Damage Mechanism of Sandwich Structures with Different Core Materials under Lightning Strikes
作者：Yan, Jiangyan; Wang, Guozheng; Li, Qingmin; Zhang, Li; Yan, Joseph D.; Chen, Chun; Fang, Zhiyang
作者机构：[Yan, Jiangyan; Li, Qingmin] North China Elect Power Univ, State Key Lab Alternate Elect Power Syst Renewabl, Beijing 102206, Peoples R China.; [Wan 更多
通讯作者地址：[Li, QM]North China Elect Power Univ, State Key Lab Alternate Elect Power Syst Renewabl, Beijing 102206, Peoples R China.
关键词：wind turbine blade; lightning strikes; materials damage; finite element; method (FEM); temperature distribution; airflow pressure
摘要：Wind turbine blades are easily struck by lightning, a phenomenon that has attracted more and more attention in recent years. On this subject a large current experiment was conducted on three typical blade sandwich structures to simulate the natural lightning-induced arc effects. The resulting damage to different composite materials has been compared: polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) suffered pyrolysis and cracks inside, while the damage to balsa wood was fibers breaking off and large delamination between it and the resin layer, and only a little chemical pyrolysis. To analyze the damage mechanism on sandwich structures of different materials, a finite element method (FEM) model to calculate the temperature and pressure distribution was built, taking into consideration heat transfer and flow expansion due to impulse currents. According to the simulation results, PVC had the most severe temperature and pressure distribution, while PET and balsa wood were in the better condition after the experiments. The temperature distribution results explained clearly why balsa wood suffered much less chemical pyrolysis than PVC. Since balsa wood had better thermal stability than PET, the pyrolysis area of PET was obviously larger than that of balsa wood too. Increasing the volume fraction of solid components of porous materials can efficiently decrease the heat transfer velocity in porous materials. Permeability didn't influence that much. The findings provide support for optimum material selection and design in blade manufacturing.