标题：Air quality assessment by contingent valuation in Ji\'nan, China
作者：Wang Y;Zhang YS
作者机构：[Wang, Y] School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Ji'nan, China;[ Zhang, Y.-S] School of Environmental Science and Engin 更多
通讯作者地址：[Wang, Y]Shandong Univ, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
来源：Journal of Environmental Management
关键词：Consciousness;Models;Quality control;Consciousness;Models;Quality control;Regression analysis;Sampling;Urbanization;Workers
摘要：Along with urbanization and environmental deterioration within China, many residents\' desire for improved air quality has increased. To address this topic, this study focuses on the relationship between poor air quality and residents\' willingness to pay for improved air quality in the city of Ji\'nan. As a means of quantifying an individual\'s willingness to pay (WTP) for improved air quality, a contingent valuation method (CVM) was employed. A sample of 1500 residents was chosen, based on the stratified sampling method. The respondents\' WTP was then elicited through a series of face-to-face interviews, conducted using a range of hypothetical, open-ended scenario questions. The results showed that 59.7% of respondents were able to express a positive WTP, and that the average WTP was 100 Chinese Yuan (CNY) per person, per year. In order to establish the relationship between endogenous variables and WTP, both a Probit model on the probability of a positive WTP, and a stepwise regression model were constructed. Most parameters in the econometric analysis demonstrated the expected results. It was found that annual household income, expenditure on the treatment of respiratory diseases and workers in the family significantly influenced WTP. The rates of positive WTP and the monetary amount were also larger for men than for women. Unlike developed countries, most respondents regard air quality improvement as a government responsibility in that more than 40% of respondents had no incentive to bear the costs of attempting to achieve better air quality, indicating a relatively low environmental consciousness.