标题：Surface Corrosion Resistance in Turning of Titanium Alloy
作者：Zhang, Rui ;Ai, Xing ;Wan, Yi ;Liu, Zhanqiang ;Zhang, Dong ;Feng, Sheng
作者机构：[Zhang, Rui ;Ai, Xing ;Wan, Yi ;Liu, Zhanqiang ;Feng, Sheng ] Key Laboratory of High Efficiency and Clean Manufacturing, School of Mechanical Engineer 更多
来源：International Journal of Corrosion
摘要：This work addresses the issues associated with implant surface modification. We propose a method to form the oxide film on implant surfaces by dry turning to generate heat and injecting oxygen-rich gas at the turning-tool flank. The morphology, roughness, composition, and thickness of the oxide films in an oxygen-rich atmosphere were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, optical profiling, and Auger electron spectroscopy. Electrochemical methods were used to study the corrosion resistance of the modified surfaces. The corrosion resistance trends, analyzed relative to the oxide film thickness, indicate that the oxide film thickness is the major factor affecting the corrosion resistance of titanium alloys in a simulated body fluid (SBF). Turning in an oxygen-rich atmosphere can form a thick oxide film on the implant surface. The thickness of surface oxide films processed at an oxygen concentration of 80% was improved to 4.6 times that of films processed at an oxygen concentration of 21%; the free corrosion potential shifted positively by 0.357 V, which significantly improved the corrosion resistance of titanium alloys in the SBF. Therefore, the proposed method may (partially) replace the subsequent surface oxidation. This method is significant for biomedical development because it shortens the process flow, improves the efficiency, and lowers the cost. © 2015 Rui Zhang et al.