标题：The influence of algal organic matter produced by Microcystis aeruginosa on coagulation-ultrafiltration treatment of natural organic matter
作者：Xu, Jie; Zhao, Yanxia; Gao, Baoyu; Han, Songlin; Zhao, Qian; Liu, Xiaoli
作者机构：[Xu, Jie; Gao, Baoyu; Han, Songlin; Zhao, Qian; Liu, Xiaoli] Shandong Univ, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Shandong Key Lab Water Pollut Control & Resource, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Gao, BY]Shandong Univ, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Shandong Key Lab Water Pollut Control & Resource, 27 Shanda South Rd, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples 更多
关键词：Titanium sulfate; Algal organic matter; Natural organic matter;; Coagulation; Membrane fouling
摘要：Cyanobacterial bloom causes the release of algal organic matter (ACM), which inevitably affects the treatment processes of natural organic matter (NOM). This study works on treating micro-polluted surface water (SW) by emerging coagulant, namely titanium sulfate (Ti(SO4)(2)), followed by Low Pressure Ultrafiltration (LPUF) technology. In particular, we explored the respective influence of extracellular organic matter (EOM) and intracellular organic matter (IOM) on synergetic EOM-NOM/IOM-NOM removal, functional mechanisms and subsequent filtration performance. Results show that the IOM inclusion in surface water body facilitated synergic IOM-NOM composite pollutants removal by Ti(SO4)(2), wherein loosely-aggregated flocs were produced, resulting in floc cake layer with rich porosity and permeability during LPUF. On the contrary, the surface water invaded by EOM pollutants increased Ti(SO4)(2) coagulation burden, with substantially deteriorated both UV254-represented and dissolved organic matter (DOC) removal. Corresponded with the weak Ti(SO4)(2) coagulation for EOM-NOM removal was the resultant serious membrane fouling during LPUF procedure, wherein dense cake layer was formed due to the compact structure of flocs. Although the IOM enhanced NOM removal with reduced Ti(SO4)(2) dose and yielded mitigated membrane fouling, larger percentage of irreversible fouling was seen than NOM and EOM-NOM cases, which was most likely due to the substances with small molecular weight, such as microcystin, adhering in membrane pores. This research would provide theoretical basis for dose selection and process design during AOM-NOM water treatment. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.