标题：Change-Point Analysis of Eye Movement Characteristics for Female Drivers in Anxiety
作者：Guo, Yongqing; Wang, Xiaoyuan; Xu, Qing; Liu, Feifei; Liu, Yaqi; Xia, Yuanyuan
作者机构：[Guo, Yongqing; Liu, Feifei; Liu, Yaqi] Shandong Univ Technol, Sch Transportat & Vehicle Engn, Zibo 255049, Peoples R China.; [Wang, Xiaoyuan; Xia, 更多
通讯作者：Wang, XY;Wang, XY
通讯作者地址：[Wang, XY]Qingdao Univ Sci & Technol, Coll Electromech Engn, Qingdao 266000, Shandong, Peoples R China;[Wang, XY]Tsinghua Univ, Joint Lab Internet Veh 更多
来源：INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
关键词：driving anxiety; eye movement; change-point analysis; least squares; method
摘要：Driver hazard perception is highly related to involvement in traffic accidents, and vision is the most important sense with which we perceive risk. Therefore, it is of great significance to explore the characteristics of drivers' eye movements to promote road safety. This study focuses on analyzing the changes of drivers' eye-movement characteristics in anxiety. We used various materials to induce drivers' anxiety, and then conducted the real driving experiments and driving simulations to collect drivers' eye-movement data. Then, we compared the differences between calm and anxiety on drivers' eye-movement characteristics, in order to extract the key eye-movement features. The least squares method of change point analysis was carried out to detect the time and locations of sudden changes in eye movement characteristics. The results show that the least squares method is effective for identifying eye-movement changes of female drivers in anxiety. It was also found that changes in road environments could cause a significant increase in fixation count and fixation duration for female drivers, such as in scenes with traffic accidents or sharp curves. The findings of this study can be used to recognize unexpected events in road environment and improve the geometric design of curved roads. This study can also be used to develop active driving warning systems and intelligent human-machine interactions in vehicles. This study would be of great theoretical significance and application value for improving road traffic safety.