标题：Development of a counterselectable seamless mutagenesis system in lactic acid bacteria
作者：Xin, Yongping; Guo, Tingting; Mu, Yingli; Kong, Jian
作者机构：[Xin, Yongping; Guo, Tingting; Mu, Yingli; Kong, Jian] Shandong Univ, State Key Lab Microbial Technol, 27 Shanda Nanlu, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址：[Kong, J]Shandong Univ, State Key Lab Microbial Technol, 27 Shanda Nanlu, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
来源：MICROBIAL CELL FACTORIES
关键词：Lactic acid bacteria; Temperature-sensitive plasmid; Seamless; mutagenesis; Counterselectable marker; pheS
摘要：Background: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are receiving more attention to act as cell factories for the production of high-value metabolites. However, the molecular tools for genetic modifying these strains are mainly vector-based double-crossover strategies, which are laborious and inefficient. To address this problem, several counterselectable markers have been developed, while few of them could be used in the wild-type host cells without pretreatment.; Results: The pheS gene encoding phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase alpha subunit was identified in Lactococcus lactis NZ9000 genome. When mutant pheS gene (pheS*) under the control of the Lc. lactis NZ9000 (L)-lactate dehydrogenase promoter (P-ldh) was expressed from a plasmid, the resulted PheS* with an A312G substitution rendered cells sensitive to the phenylalanine analog p-chloro-phenylalanine (p-Cl-Phe). This result suggested pheS* was suitable to be used as a counterselectable marker in Lc. lactis. However, the expression level of pheS* from a chromosomal copy was too low to confer p-Cl-Phe sensitivity. Therefore, a strategy of cascading promoters was attempted for strengthening the expression level of pheS*. Expectedly, a cassette 5Pldh-pheS* with five tandem repetitive promoters P-ldh resulted in a sensitivity to 15 mM p-Cl-Phe. Subsequently, a counterselectable seamless mutagenesis system PheS*/pG(+) host9 based on a temperature-sensitive plasmid pG(vertical bar) host9 harboring a 5Pldh-pheS* cassette was developed in Lc. lactis. We also demonstrated the possibility of applying pheS* to be a counterselectable marker in Lactobacillus casei BL23.; Conclusions: As reported in E. coli, pheS* as a counterselectable marker has been demonstrated to be functional in targeted gene(s) deletion in Lc. lactis as well as in L. casei. Moreover, the efficiency and timesaving counterselectable seamless mutagenesis system PheS*/pG(+) host9 could be used in the wild-type host cells without pretreatment.