标题：Prediction models for the incidence and progression of periodontitis: A systematic review
作者：Du, Mi; Bo, Tao; Kapellas, Kostas; Peres, Marco A.
作者机构：[Du, Mi; Kapellas, Kostas; Peres, Marco A.] Univ Adelaide, Australian Res Ctr Populat Oral Hlth, Adelaide, SA, Australia.; [Bo, Tao] Shandong Univ, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Du, M]Adelaide Dent Sch, Australian Res Ctr Populat Oral Hlth, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
来源：JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PERIODONTOLOGY
关键词：periodontitis; prediction; risk factors; systematic review
摘要：Aims To comprehensively review, identify and critically assess the performance of models predicting the incidence and progression of periodontitis. Methods Electronic searches of the MEDLINE via PubMed, EMBASE, DOSS, Web of Science, Scopus and ProQuest databases, and hand searching of reference lists and citations were conducted. No date or language restrictions were used. The Critical Appraisal and Data Extraction for Systematic Reviews of Prediction Modelling Studies checklist was followed when extracting data and appraising the selected studies. Results Of the 2,560 records, five studies with 12 prediction models and three risk assessment studies were included. The prediction models showed great heterogeneity precluding meta-analysis. Eight criteria were identified for periodontitis incidence and progression. Four models from one study examined the incidence, while others assessed progression. Age, smoking and diabetes status were common predictors used in modelling. Only two studies reported external validation. Predictive performance of the models (discrimination and calibration) was unable to be fully assessed or compared quantitatively. Nevertheless, most models had "good" ability to discriminate between people at risk for periodontitis. Conclusions Existing predictive modelling approaches were identified. However, no studies followed the recommended methodology, and almost all models were characterized by a generally poor level of reporting.