标题：Rational design and synthesis of yolk-shell ZnGa2O4@C nanostructure with enhanced lithium storage properties
作者：Han, Nao; Xia, Yuguo; Han, Yanyang; Jiao, Xiuling; Chen, Dairong
作者机构：[Han, Nao; Xia, Yuguo; Han, Yanyang; Jiao, Xiuling; Chen, Dairong] Shandong Univ, Natl Engn Res Ctr Colloidal Mat, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Jinan 250100, 更多
通讯作者：Xia, YG;Jiao, XL
通讯作者地址：[Xia, YG; Jiao, XL]Shandong Univ, Natl Engn Res Ctr Colloidal Mat, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE
关键词：Ternary transition metal oxide; ZnGa2O4; Lithium-ion batteries;; Electrochemical property; Yolk-shell structure
摘要：The ability to create hybrid nanostructure with synergistic effect and confined morphology to achieve high performance and long-term stability is high desirable in lithium ion batteries. Although transition metal oxides as anode material reveal high theoretical capacities, the significant volume changes during repeated lithium insertion and extraction cause pulverization of electrode materials, resulting in rapid fade in capacity. Herein, yolk-shell nanostructure of ZnGa2O4 encapsulated by amorphous carbon is rationally designed and synthesized through two-step surface coating followed by thermal treatment and etching process. It is noteworthy that ZnGa2O4@C with yolk-shell structure is superior to pristine ZnGa2O4 and ZnGa2O4@C with core-shell structure in term of lithium storage. The stable reversible capacity of yolk-shell ZnGa2O4@C can be retained at 657.2 mAh g(-1) at current density of 1 Ag-1 after completion of 300 cycles, which also reveals superior rate performance. The appropriate carbon shell and void space involved in the yolk-shell structure are considered to be the crucial factor in accommodating volume expansion as well as preserving the structural integrity of yolk-shell ZnGa2O4@C. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.