标题：A SURVEY ON SHIP COLLISION RISK EVALUATION
作者：Xu, Qingyang; Wang, Ning
作者机构：[Xu, Qingyang] Shandong Univ, Sch Mech Elect & Informat Engn, Weihai 264209, Peoples R China.; [Wang, Ning] Dalian Maritime Univ, Marine Engn Colleg 更多
通讯作者地址：[Xu, QY]Shandong Univ, Sch Mech Elect & Informat Engn, Weihai 264209, Peoples R China.
来源：Promet-Traffic & Transportation
关键词：collision risk; collision avoidance; ship domain; fuzzy comprehensive; evaluation
摘要：Recently, ship collision avoidance has become essential due to the emergence of special vessels like chemical tankers and VLCCs (very large crude carriers), etc. The information needed for safe navigation is obtained by combining electrical equipment with real-time visual information. However, misjudgements and human errors are the major cause of ship collisions according to research data. The decision support system of Collision avoidance is an advantageous facility to make up for this. Collision risk evaluation is one of the most important problems in collision avoidance decision supporting system. A review is presented of different approaches to evaluate the collision risk in maritime transportation. In such a context, the basic concepts and definitions of collision risk and their evaluation are described. The review focuses on three categories of numerical models of collision risk calculation: methods based on traffic flow theory, ship domain and methods based on dCPA and tCPA.