标题：The Change in Suicide Rates between 2002 and 2011 in China
作者：Zhang, Jie; Sun, Long; Liu, Yuxin; Zhang, Jianwei
作者机构：[Zhang, Jie; Sun, Long] Shandong Univ, Ctr Suicide Prevent Res, Sch Publ Hlth, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Zhang, Jie] SUNY Coll Buff 更多
通讯作者地址：[Zhang, J]SUNY Coll Buffalo, Dept Sociol, 1300 Elmwood Ave, Buffalo, NY 14222 USA.
来源：SUICIDE AND LIFE-THREATENING BEHAVIOR
摘要：Chinese suicide rates have been reported in various studies in the past two decades, but few of them were based on national data. The most recent mortality data (2002-2011) provided by the China Ministry of Health and the detailed census data provided by the National Population Census were used in this study. We calculated the age-, gender-, and region-specific suicide rates and their trends in the past 10years between 2002 and 2011. The overall suicide rates in China decreased during the study period. The rural/urban ratio of the suicide rates has been significantly reduced from the ratio in the 1990s, and male suicide rates have exceeded those of females. Age was positively associated with suicide rates without the two peaks found in the suicide rates over 20years ago. The Chinese suicide rates have significantly declined in the past decade, with withering of the unique suicide rate patterns previously found in Chinese suicides about 20years ago.