标题：Efficacy and safety of de-escalation bone-modifying agents for cancer patients with bone metastases: a systematic review and meta-analysis
作者：Liu, Cun; Wang, Lu; Liu, Lijuan; Zhuang, Jing; Tang, Shifeng; Zhang, Tiansong; Zhou, Chao; Feng, Fubin; Liu, Ruijuan; Zhang, Jinmei; 更多 作者机构：[Liu, Cun; Wang, Lu; Zhang, Tingting] Shandong Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Coll Tradit Chinese Med, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Liu, Lijuan; Zh 更多
通讯作者地址：[Sun, CG]Weifang Med Univ, Affiliated Hosp, Dept Oncol, 2428 Yuhe Rd, Weifang 261031, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：CANCER MANAGEMENT AND RESEARCH
关键词：bone-modifying agents; bone metastasis; cancer; de-escalated treatment;; meta-analysis
摘要：Background: Compared with application of bone-modifying agents (BMAs) every 4 weeks, it is unclear whether 12-weekly de-escalated therapy can be used as a substitute strategy.; Methods: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials until November 22, 2017, was performed. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included to assess skeletal-related event (SRE) rates, adverse events, and bone turnover biomarkers, comparing 12-weekly de-escalated treatments with standard 4-weekly dosage regimens. Risk ratios (RRs) with 95% CIs were pooled in fixed-effect meta-analyses.; Results: A total of eight citations were eligible comprising 2,878 patients: zoledronate (three studies, 2,650 patients), pamidronate (two studies, 68 patients), and denosumab (three studies, 160 patients). Summary RR (0.98; 95% CI 0.87-1.12; P=0.82) for SRE rates between de-escalated and standard arms was produced when seven low risk of bias trials (695 patients) were pooled, and results without statistical significance also appeared in the analysis of adverse events and bone turnover biomarkers. Due to the limited sample size and methodological differences, the data for skeletal morbidity rates (SMRs), time to first SRE, serum C-telopeptide (sCTx) levels, and hypocalcemia were not combined, but systematic review still obtained similar indistinguishableness.; Conclusion: In this meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials, the results "appeared" to show non-inferiority of the 12-weekly treatment. Due to the difference in available data, the results for bisphosphonates are more solid than for the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) antibodies.