标题：Role of the head-stalk linker region (aa115-122) of Newcastle disease virus haemagglutinin-neuraminidase in regulating fusion triggering
作者：Chi M.; Liu Y.; Wen H.; Zhao L.; Song Y.; Liu N.; Chi L.; Wang Z.
作者机构：[Chi, M] Department of Virology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, China;[ Liu, Y] Department of Virology, School of Public 更多
来源：The Journal of general virology
关键词：Fusion promotion; Head–stalk linker; HN protein; HN1-123 protein; Newcastle disease virus
摘要：To gain insights into the role of the head-stalk linker region in the fusion triggering, we constructed mutants by deleting or substituting the linker region (115-NGAANNSG-122) of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) haemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) with the corresponding sequences of other paramyxoviruses. The results showed that these HN mutants exhibited different levels of fusion-triggering activity, but most of them maintained comparable levels with wide-type HN in both receptor recognition and neuraminidase activity. We tried to figure out reasons for fusion alteration through assessing the expression and the oligomeric state of HN mutants. Moreover, four mutants with significant fusion changes were introduced into the headless HN stem (HN1-123) to intensively investigate the role of the linker region in fusion triggering. Consequently, the stability of HN oligomers and the structural integrity of the 4 helical-bundle of stalk have complicated influences on the alteration of fusion-triggering activities for different mutants. These data suggested that the head-stalk linker could regulate the fusion triggering at both full-length and headless HN levels.