标题：Graphene-encapsulated selenium/polyani line core-shell nanowires with enhanced electrochemical performance for Li-Se batteries
作者：Zhang, Jingjing; Xu, Yanhua; Fan, Long; Zhu, Yongchun; Liang, Jianwen; Qian, Yitai
作者机构：[Zhang, Jingjing; Xu, Yanhua; Fan, Long; Zhu, Yongchun; Liang, Jianwen; Qian, Yitai] Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei Natl Lab Phys Sci Microscale, Hef 更多
通讯作者地址：[Zhu, YC]Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei Natl Lab Phys Sci Microscale, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China.
关键词：Lithium-selenium batteries; Selenium nanowire; Polyaniline; Core-shell;; Graphene; Electrochemical performance
摘要：A novel nanocomposite of graphene-encapsulated selenium/polyaniline core shell nanowires (G@Se/PANI) has been designed and synthesized under the condition of low temperature without heating and investigated as a cathode material for Li-ion batteries. In this nanocomposite, selenium nanowires are well-sealed in the PANI layer with a thickness of approximate to 25 nm forming a core/shell structure and then the Se/PANI core-shell nanowires are uniformly encapsulated in the graphene nanosheets. As expected, the G@Se/PANI nanocomposite exhibits enhanced cycling performance and high-rate capability. The G@Se/PANI nanocomposite displays a reversible discharge capacity of 567.1 mA h/g at 0.2 C after 200th cycle and 510.9 mA h/g at 2 C, which could be associated with the highly electrical conductivity of graphene sheets and the unique PANI shell, together with the one-dimensional structure of selenium in the G@Se/PANI nanocomposite. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.