标题：Increasing the Utilization of Transmission Lines Capacity by Quasi-Dynamic Thermal Ratings
作者：Song, Fan; Wang, Yanling; Yan, Hongbo; Zhou, Xiaofeng; Niu, Zhiqiang
作者机构：[Song, Fan; Wang, Yanling; Yan, Hongbo] Shandong Univ Weihai, Sch Mech Elect & Informat Engn, Weihai 264209, Peoples R China.; [Zhou, Xiaofeng] Weih 更多
通讯作者：Wang, Yanling;Wang, YL
通讯作者地址：[Wang, YL]Shandong Univ Weihai, Sch Mech Elect & Informat Engn, Weihai 264209, Peoples R China.
关键词：transmission line; key parameter; quasi-dynamic thermal rating (QDR);; operation risk; tension loss; time scale; confidence level
摘要：The power grid is under pressure to maintain a reliable supply because of constrained budgets and environmental policies. In order to effectively make use of existing transmission lines, it is important to accurately evaluate the line capacity. Dynamic thermal rating (DTR) offers a way to increase the utilization of capacity under real-time meteorological data. However, DTR relies on a number of sensors and the cost is high. Therefore, a method of improving the utilization of capacity by quasi-dynamic thermal rating (QDR) is proposed in this paper. QDR at different confidence levels and time scales is determined through the statistical analysis of line ampacity driven by key parameters, and the key parameters is identified by control variate method. In addition, the operation risk and tension loss is evaluated. The results show that QDR can increase the utilization of line capacity and in the absence of along-line measuring devices, QDR is more accurate, reliable and cost-saving. The managers can determine the appropriate confidence level according to the operation risk and tension loss that the system can bear, and shorten the time scale with the permission of the operation and control complexity.