标题：A Facile Route to Synthesize Gold Prisms Up to Micrometer Scale Based on Slow Reduction Methods
作者：Liu, Aizhen; Cheng, Yingwen; Tian, Fang; Pan, Wei; Huang, Shaoxin; Feng, Xingli; Ma, Houyi
作者机构：[Cheng, Yingwen; Tian, Fang; Pan, Wei; Huang, Shaoxin; Feng, Xingli; Ma, Houyi] Shandong Univ, Dept Chem, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.; [Liu, Aizh 更多
通讯作者地址：[Ma, HY]Shandong Univ, Dept Chem, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
来源：JOURNAL OF DISPERSION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
关键词：Gold prism; poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone)(PVP); preferential growth; shape; control
摘要：Gold prisms with edge length ranges from nanometer to micrometer scale were prepared in large quantities through facile liquid-liquid interfacial reaction and solution-phase reactions. The technological keys to synthesis of gold microprisms are (i) selecting poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) as the shape-directing agent to induce the preferential growth of nanoprism seeds and (ii) using weak reducing agents to lower the reduction rate of gold ions so that gold ions were reduced slowly onto the surface of the growing nanoprisms. Thus, the reduction of AuCl(4)(-) ions in the presence of PVP by some weak reducing agents generated a large number of gold microprisms (as defined by edge length of prisms). On the contrary, the relatively fast reduction of AuCl(4)(-) ions could only lead to formation of spherical gold particles.