标题：Optimisation and performance of NaClO-assisted maintenance cleaning for fouling control in membrane bioreactors
作者：Wang, Zhizhen; Meng, Fangang; He, Xiang; Zhou, Zhongbo; Huang, Li-Nan; Liang, Shuang
作者机构：[Wang, Zhizhen; Meng, Fangang; He, Xiang; Zhou, Zhongbo] Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, SYSU HKUST Res Ctr Innovat Environm Technol SHRCI, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Meng, FG]Guangdong Prov Key Lab Environm Pollut Control &, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
关键词：Activated sludge; Chemical cleaning; Membrane bioreactor; Membrane; fouling; Wastewater treatment
摘要：Based on conventional chemical cleaning and physical backflush methods, a novel in situ chemical backflush method, i.e., chemically assisted maintenance cleaning with NaClO as the principal reagent, was developed for membrane fouling control in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). The results demonstrated that, compared with a control MBR with water backflush, the use of low NaClO loads had few adverse effects on nutrient removal; on the contrary, the exposure to NaClO enhanced the denitrification performance of the MBR as a result of the formation of sludge granules. Measurements of transmembrane pressure (TMP) showed that an NaClO backflush at 0.2 ppm could achieve effective membrane fouling control in MBRs. Ex situ backflush tests showed that an NaClO backflush enhanced the detachment of biopolymers from the fouled membranes compared with a water backflush. Comparative 16S rRNA sequencing showed differing bacterial community composition in the fouling layers of the two MBRs. Specifically, the NaClO backflush could suppress filament-caused membrane fouling (i.e., lowered the abundance of Thiothrix eikelboomii in the fouling layers). Both the water and NaClO backflush resulted in significant increases in the pure water permeability of the membranes as a result of the enlargement of membrane pores. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectrometry indicated that the frequent NaClO backflush did not change the functional groups of the active layer of the membranes significantly. This study could provide an alternative for the implementation of membrane cleaning in MBR plants. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.