标题：Jinlida reduces insulin resistance and ameliorates liver oxidative stress in high-fat fed rats
作者：Liu, Yixuan; Song, An; Zang, Shasha; Wang, Chao; Song, Guangyao; Li, Xiaoling; Zhu, Yajun; Yu, Xian; Li, Ling; Wang, Yun; Duan, Li 更多 作者机构：[Liu, Yixuan; Zang, Shasha; Song, Guangyao; Zhu, Yajun; Li, Ling; Wang, Yun; Duan, Liyuan] Hebei Med Univ, Dept Internal Med, Shijiazhuang 050017, Heb 更多
通讯作者地址：[Song, GY]Hebei Med Univ, Dept Internal Med, Shijiazhuang 050017, Hebei Province, Peoples R China.
来源：JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY
关键词：Traditional Chinese medicine; Antioxidant; Liver; Diabetes; Jinlida;; Oxidative stress
摘要：Ethnopharmacological relevance: Jinlida OLD) is a compound preparation formulated on the basis of traditional Chinese medicine and is officially approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in China. We aimed to elucidate the mechanism of JLD treatment, in comparison to metformin treatment, on ameliorating insulin sensitivity in insulin resistant rats and to reveal its anti-oxidant properties.; Materials and methods: Rats were fed with standard or high-fat diet for 6 weeks. After 6 weeks, the high-fat fed rats were subdivided into five groups and orally fed with JLD or metformin for 8 weeks. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting blood insulin, blood lipid and antioxidant enzymes were measured. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) and hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp technique were carried out to measure insulin sensitivity. Gene expression of the major signaling pathway molecules that regulate glucose uptake, including insulin receptor (INSR), insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase beta (AKT), and glucose transporter type 2 (GLUT2), were assessed by quantitative RT-PCR. The totle and phosphorylation expression of IRS-1, AKT, JNK and p38MAPK were determined by Western blot.; Results: Treatment with JIB effectively ameliorated the high-fat induced hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia and hyperlipidemia. Similar to metformin, the high insulin resistance in high-fat fed rats was significantly decreased by JLD treatment. JLD displayed anti-oxidant effects, coupled with up-regulation of the insulin signaling pathway. The attenuation of hepatic oxidative stress by JLD treatment was associated with reduced phosphorylation protein levels of JNK and p38MAPK.; Conclusions: Treatment with JLD could moderate glucose and lipid metabolism as well as reduce hepatic oxidative stress, most likely through the JNK and p38MAPK pathways. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.