标题：General Fabrication of Boride, Carbide, and Nitride Nanocrystals via a Metal-Hydrolysis-Assisted Process
作者：Zhou, Ling; Yang, Lishan; Shao, Li; Chen, Bo; Meng, Fanhui; Qian, Yitai; Xu, Liqiang
作者机构：[Zhou, Ling; Yang, Lishan; Shao, Li] Hunan Normal Univ, Coll Chem & Chem Engn, Key Lab Chem Biol & Tradit Chinese Med Res, Minist Educ, Changsha 41008 更多
通讯作者：Yang, LS;Yang, LS;Xu, LQ
通讯作者地址：[Yang, LS]Hunan Normal Univ, Coll Chem & Chem Engn, Key Lab Chem Biol & Tradit Chinese Med Res, Minist Educ, Changsha 410081, Hunan, Peoples R China;[ 更多
摘要：Metal boride, carbide, and nitride materials are useful owing to their wide variety of interesting chemical and physical properties. However, the synthesis of these materials with nano or mesoscale sizes is challenging due to the usually required high temperatures and long reaction durations. To our knowledge, the exploration of a number of simultaneous chemical reactions through rapid synthesis still remains a great challenge. In this study, a general route for the reduction and transformation of metal oxides into related metal boride (TiB2, MoB2, DyB4, ErB4, YB4, LaB6, CeB6, SmB6, EuB6), carbide (SiC, TiC, VC, WC, W2C, ZrC, MoC, NbC), and nitride (TiN, VN, BN, AIN, CrN, MgSiN2) nanocrystals were achieved at 150 degrees C. Here, the exothermic reaction of metal magnesium hydrolysis is utilized to assist the reaction in sealed stainless steel autoclaves. In situ temperature monitoring showed that the inside temperature increased quickly from 139 to 902 degrees C at the initial stage. The obtained products were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and high-resolution TEM techniques. The low reaction temperature and cheap raw materials make it possible for large-scale synthesis of those nanomaterials.