标题：Word order as an interface between syntax and pragmatics: The case of identifying topics in mixed case-marking patterns in Mandarin Chinese
作者：Yu, Xiujin; Zhang, Hui
作者机构：[Yu, Xiujin] Shandong Univ Finance & Econ, Sch Foreign Studies, Shungeng Campus,Shungeng Rd 40, Jinan 250002, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Zhang, Hu 更多
通讯作者地址：[Zhang, H]Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Foreign Languages & Cultures, Suiyuan Campus,Ninghai Rd 122, Nanjing 210097, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.
关键词：Mandarin; Word order; Case; Topic; Nominative-accusative;; Ergative-absolutive
摘要：The typological classification of Mandarin Chinese as an isolating language lacking inflection brings about a theoretical consideration that word order in Mandarin serves as an interface between syntax and pragmatics. This paper provides from typological perspective a unified framework to examine the role that word order in Mandarin plays in marking case as well as topics. The study finds that Mandarin exhibits a mixed case-marking pattern through word order, namely that nominative-accusative pattern coexists with ergative-absolutive pattern. Both of the two case-marking patterns allow intra-clausal topics and extra-clausal topics, and it is the intra-clausal topics rather than the extra-clausal ones that are associated with case-marking patterns. With respect to the intra-clausal topics, in nominative accusative pattern, topic assignment in unmarked constructions is A/S oriented, whereas in ergative-absolutive pattern, topic assignment in unmarked two/three-argument constructions is post-ba P oriented, and topic assignment in unmarked one-argument constructions is preverbal-S oriented. In light of the two case-marking patterns, context-independent topics in various constructions can be identified, and thus the controversial issue of distinguishing topics from other arguments can be properly addressed. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.