标题：Microstructures and mechanical properties of stainless steel clad plate joint with diverse filler metals
作者：Li C.; Qin G.; Tang Y.; Zhang B.; Lin S.; Geng P.
作者机构：[Li, C] State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding and Joining, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China, Institute of Materials Joining, Sh 更多
来源：Journal of Materials Research and Technology
关键词：Local hardening zone; Mechanical properties; Microstructure; Stainless steel clad plate; Welded joint
摘要：Thick stainless steel clad plate is used widely in the petroleum and petrochemical industries because of its low cost and good corrosion resistance. It is generally welded by the multilayer and multipass welding process with stainless steel filler metal matched with the clad layer. In this research, the base metal of stainless steel clad plates was filled with carbon steel filler metal, and the microstructures and mechanical properties of joints with diverse filler metals were analysed and compared. The results indicate that a local hardening zone (LHZ) forms in the weld filled with the filler metals of stainless steel and carbon steel because of the formation of martensite phase in the first layer of weld with filler metal of carbon steel. The microhardness value in LHZ reaches up to 425 HV1, which is significantly higher than that of the base metal. However, the tensile strength value of joints filled with carbon steel filler metal is equivalent to that of the joints with stainless steel filler metal. The results of the side bending test indicate that the LHZ protrudes from the weld, and the crack occurs near the LHZ if the area of the LHZ on the cross section of joint is larger than 17 % of that of the whole cross section of the joint. The studied results show that it is feasible to use carbon steel filler metal to fill the base metal of carbon steel in welding of stainless steel clad plate. © 2020 The Authors.