标题：Coagulation of TiO2nanoparticles-natural organic matter composite contaminants in various aquatic media: Fluorescence characteristics, flocs properties and membrane fouling abilities
作者：Fan, Meixia ;Wang, Yan ;Xue, Nan ;Zhao, Yanxia ;Wang, Ziyang ;Wang, Miaomiao ;Zhao, Yi ;Gao, Baoyu
作者机构：[Fan, Meixia ;Wang, Yan ;Xue, Nan ;Wang, Ziyang ;Wang, Miaomiao ;Zhao, Yi ;Gao, Baoyu ] Shandong Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Resourc 更多
来源：Separation and Purification Technology
摘要：The presence of TiO2nanoparticles (NPs) influences the efficiency of water and wastewater treatment because of the composite contaminants formed due to the interaction between TiO2NPs and Natural Organic Matter (NOM). In this study, the coagulation of TiO2NPs and NOM composite contaminants (TiO2NPs-NOM) was explored by comparing their fluorescence characteristics, flocs properties, and membrane fouling abilities in different aquatic media (i.e., humic acid synthetic water: WATERHA, surface water: WATERXQ; and municipal wastewater: WATERMW). Results showed that the TiO2NPs-NOM removal efficiency depended on the characteristics of NOM in various aquatic media. TiO2NPs improved the removal efficiency for fluorescent substances from WATERHAand WATERXQwhen the solution pH was 5. However, this removal efficiency declined as the pH was increased to 9. In comparison, the removal efficiency for fluorescent substances from WATERMWincreased as the TiO2NPs concentration was increased to 5 mg/L, and then decreased gradually as the TiO2concentration was increased to 20 mg/L. This is due to the competing adsorption and precipitation reactions between aromatic proteins and NPs. The different TiO2NPs-NOM in the tested water showed different flocs structures. The fractal dimensions of the flocs in WATERHAdecreased with increasing TiO2NPs concentration until it exceeded 10 mg/L, while the fractal dimensions of WATERMWflocs increased with increasing TiO2NPs concentration. This was due to the formation of more loose flocs in the presence of aromatic proteins and soluble microbial byproducts. Total membrane resistance showed little change with increasing TiO2NPs concentration in the coagulation-ultrafiltration membrane process. The percentages of strongly attached external fouling resistance (Ref-s) and internal fouling resistance (Rif) increased with increasing TiO2NPs concentration.
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.