标题：Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and giant r wave syndrome mimicking acute myocardial infarction A case report
作者：Wang, Yong; Guo, Wei; Ma, Jianliang
作者机构：[Wang, Yong; Ma, Jianliang] Shandong Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Affiliated Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Jinan 250014, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Guo, Wei] Sh 更多
通讯作者地址：[Ma, JL]Shandong Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Affiliated Hosp, Dept Cardiol, Jinan 250014, Shandong, Peoples R China.
关键词：acute myocardial infarction; case report; electrocardiogram; giant R; wave syndrome; Takotsubo cardiomyopathy
摘要：Rationale: The clinical features of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy largely overlap with those of acute myocardial infarction, especially in the presence of ST-segment elevation on the initial electrocardiogram. Giant R wave syndrome has mainly been observed in the hyperacute phase of acute myocardial infarction.; Patient concerns: In this study, we report a unique case of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy that caused giant R wave syndrome.; Diagnosis: A 71-year-old woman was transferred to hospital with new onset chest pain. An initial electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevation in the inferior wall and anterior wall leads. Her initial cardiac troponin I levels were elevated. Acute myocardial infarction was suspected and the patient underwent emergent cardiac catheterization. A coronary angiography showed no overt stenosis in the coronary artery. After 2 hours, her chest pain disappeared and an electrocardiogram revealed that the ST segment had decreased markedly. However, on day 3, an electrocardiogram of the V1-V6 leads revealed the formation of giant R wave syndrome: giant R waves merging with the markedly elevated ST segments and the obliteration of S waves. Cardiac echocardiography showed hypokinetic apical mid-segments and hyperkinetic basal segments of the left ventricle, low left ventricular ejection (42%), and enlargement of the left ventricle. On the basis of these findings, the patient was diagnosed with early recurrent Takotsubo cardiomyopathy.; Interventions: The patient has been treated by levosimendan and furosemide to improve cardiac function before leaving the hospital. After discharge, she was treated with a beta blocker.; Outcomes: The patient was discharged 2 weeks later in stable condition without chest pain. One year later, during her follow-up, a repeat echocardiogram and ECG showed normal findings.; Lessons: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of giant R wave syndrome on electrocardiogram following Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, especially presenting with giant R wave syndrome on electrocardiogram, remains a challenging condition given its similarity to acute myocardial infarction in its early phase.